University of Glasgow – GoWell in the East End (GoEast)
Will the East End of Glasgow achieve the positive, transformational change promised by the attention and investment of the Commonwealth Games? Will the benefits outweigh the possible negative effects upon the host communities of disruption and displacement? GoEast is designed to answer these questions and give voice to East End residents.
The study, running from 2012 to 2017, includes repeat longitudinal surveys of a cohort of 1,000 East End residents and of 700 pupils in two East End and four other secondary schools over a five year period. An ecological study maps how the physical environment, public services, amenities and shops change in the area from the pre-to post-Games periods. By combining the survey and objective information, we can assess to what extent economic, physical activity and sustainability objectives are achieved, valued by East End residents, with impacts on their quality of life and health and wellbeing.
Regular feedback on findings is provided to the communities themselves and to the major partners involved in legacy planning and delivery. Our aim is to provide an ongoing, independent assessment of progress towards legacy objectives for the East End, contributing towards seeing the job of transformational improvement completed and sustained long after 2014.
University of the West of Scotland – Leveraging Parasport Events for Sustainable Community Participation
The research project Leveraging Parasport Events for Sustainable Community Participation is led by Prof Gayle McPherson of the University of the West of Scotland in the UK and by Prof Laura Misener of the University of Western Ontario in Canada. It contrasts two types of large-scale sporting events: firstly, integrated events, where able bodied athletes and athletes with a disability compete in the same tournament but in separate sporting events (i.e. 2014 Commonwealth Games – Glasgow, Scotland) and, secondly, non-integrated events which have a distinct tournament for athletes with a disability, usually separated by time but occurring in the same or similar location (i.e. 2015 Pan/Para-Pan American Games – Toronto, Canada). This differentiation is important for understanding the usefulness of sporting events in influencing opportunities for community participation, as well as attitudes and awareness about disability in the broader community. The results of the research will provide an important, exploratory study of the ability of sporting events to create social change from two perspectives:
1) enhancing opportunities for people with a disability to participate in community life, and
2) creating positive changes in attitude towards disability among those involved in the event (i.e. community members, volunteers, and spectators).
The research is the first comparative study conducted on parasport mega-event across two Games. The evaluation of attitudes towards disability before, during and after the Glasgow 2014 Games and to what extent community participation enhances awareness and understanding of disability from the perspectives of key stakeholders associated with the Games, sports professionals and managers will be a key outcome of the research. Part two of the study will be conducted in Canada before, during and after the Pan / Para Pan American Games in 2015.
University of Glasgow, University of Dundee and University of Stirling – The Security Legacy
The magnitude and frequency of sporting mega-events is increasing. A co-ordinated response to the security challenges of these events promises to add much value to those charged with (trans)national and local policing and security responsibilities. Best practice currently exists in various local and national policing practices and routines, but rigorous analysis of these practices is rare.
This project aimed to evaluate the approach taken to the governance of security and analysis of risk in the planning for G2014. By adopting a case study approach to the governance and risk management processes operationalised around G2014, our aim is to produce an analysis which is of comparative value, and which can be used across mega-event locations to inform the development of policing/security practices. There are two areas of investigation. First, the governance of security and the negotiation of the multi-level (central and local) government relationships and public-private partnerships required for the delivery of policing, security and surveillance. Attention here focuses on principles of good governance in the security arrangements for sporting mega-events. Second, the project examines the assessment and management of risk, focusing on how risk is understood by different bodies involved in the security arrangements for G2014, and how resources are mobilized and deployed to respond to perceived risks.